Fast Facts about Tea

Tea_in_different_grade_of_fermentation (1)Types of tea:

(click title for more detailed info on tea!)

White:

  • China’s Fujian Province is the home to authentic white tea.
  • Blooming flower teas generally utilize white tea buds
  • Only harvested from early Spring to late Spring
  • Buds and leaves are very small, creating a delicate flavored tea
  • Low in caffeine

Green:

  • Tea in it’s purest form, minimally altered by man. 0% oxidized
  • This tea can be scorched very easily leaving a bitter taste
  • General water temperatures for this type of tea are 160°-180° depending on the specific varietal
  • Low in caffeine, high in antioxidants

Yellow:

  • Unique to high mountain regions of the Chinese provinces of Anhui, Hunan, and Sichuan.
  • Not very well known in the West
  • Are typically miscategorized as green tea

Oolong:

  • This type of tea can be lightly oxidized or highly oxidized.
  • Can be lightly oxidized (closer to a green tea flavor) or highly oxidized (closer to a black tea flavor)
  • It’s the most versatile type of tea (and my favorite!).
  • Water temperature of generally 180°-190° for brewing

Black:

  • 100% oxidized
  • Most popular type in North America for both hot and iced tea
    • It’s what you would find in a generic teabag
  • Water temperature of generally 190°-200° for brewing
  • Called “Red Tea” in China
  • High in caffeine

Pu-erh:

  • A microbial fermented and oxidized tea that has been dried and rolled
  •  Exposed to micro-flora and bacteria that ferment the tea, in a way similar to wine or yogurt
    • The process takes longer though, and the tea’s flavor profile can change drastically and increase in-depth over many years.
  • Beginning phase is categorized as “raw”
  • Great for digestion-lots of natural probiotics!
  • Often compressed into a disc shape before aging (not left loose in a bag)

Herbal:

  • Cannot technically be called “tea”! (because it’s not made from the tea plant, the Camellia sinensus bush
    • It is something called a “tisane”
    • As defined by Merriam-Webster dictionary, Tisane: an infusion (as of dried herbs) used as a beverage or for medicinal effects
  • Typically caffeine free
  • Light and delicate, need to use around 160° water